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When are the new Senators officially seated?
As soon as Georgia's secretary of state certifies the election. As it appears both candidates have margins that exceeded the recount requirement threshold, that should be a matter of a few days at most, but certainly before Biden and Harris are sworn in.
As for Alex Padilla, replacing Harris, he gets sworn into the Senate when she relinquishes her Senate seat for the Vice Presidency. She has not resigned yet and was recently needed in a vote to help block Judy Shelton's appointment to the Federal Reserve (a vote in which several GOP senators crossed over to effect the block).
There is no set time when a VP-elect resigns a Senate seat. Biden when stepping up to the VP slot for Obama had just been re-elected to the Senate and resigned only five days before inauguration as VP. The current VP Mike Pence, elected in 2016, was stepping up from governor of Indiana; he did not resign that post but was merely replaced by mechanism of his successor's swearing in on Jan 9th, 2017.